Calmira Tips and Tricks|
Most important tip: read that help file!
There is an extensive Troubleshooting section, plus a list of Questions and Answers in the Epilogue chapters at the back. Useful information is also scattered throughout.
Exiting and restarting Windows
Here are two small utilities for control of Windows from a shortcut.
ExitWin.exe performs the same job as the Shutdown dialog. It accepts a single upper-case parameter that determines its operation:
ExitExec c:\dos\edit.com c:\autoexec.bat
How to implement "Command Prompt Here"
The Windows 95 power toys include a command to open an MS-DOS prompt at the selected folder. You can achieve a similar effect in Calmira as follows:
Create a shortcut or Start Menu item to your normal MS-DOS prompt PIF file (probably called dosprmpt.pif). Make sure that the PIF file does not specify a working directory. Next, edit the shortcut properties (in Calmira) and enter %CurrentFolder% in the Working Directory field.
Now whenever you are in an icon window, that shortcut will open an MS-DOS prompt at the same directory. You can give it a hot-key to activate it quickly.
The equivalent of "Send to Command Line"
The Windows 95 power toys include a command to send the selected filename to the Run dialog. In Calmira, pressing Ctrl+R after selecting a file has the same effect. Unlike Windows 95, the full pathname does not need to be included on the command line because it has automatically been noted.
How to make a shortcut to the Find Files dialog
Create a script file containing the following lines:
Then create a shortcut to the script. You can add a directory name after the $Find command to specify the default place to search from.
How to make a shortcut to any Calmira settings dialog
Simply follow the idea in the preceding tip, replacing $Find with an appropriate built-in command. You can see a list of these commands by editing a Start Menu item and looking in the drop-down list of the Command Line field.
How to make folder shortcut open with a chosen view mode
With the Start Menu, you can specify whether folders are opened showing large icons, small icons or a list. To do the same thing using shortcuts and aliases, follow the instructions above for opening the Find dialog, but replace the $Find command with one of the following:
$LargeIconFolder directory $SmallIconFolder directory $ListFolder directory
Accessing desktop shortcuts while a window is maximized
Just a reminder that you can bring forward the Calmira desktop by holding down the left mouse button on the taskbar and then pressing the right mouse button. You can also just double click on the taskbar. This seems much easier to use than the Windows 95 "Deskmenu" utility, which shows all the shortcuts in a large menu, and in no particular order!
How to hide the Computer and Bin icons
Give the objects empty captions, then restart Calmira and they should not appear. The answer in the help file is wrong when it says that you can't hide the Computer.
How to implement My Computer that is closer to Windows 95
Here is a general recipe for creating your a new version of My Computer using Calmira:
Calmira loader might resolve display problems
If you are having display compatibility problems with Calmira such as invisible icons or the Start Menu not painting, it may be solved using a small loader: You can download it here.
Put the program in Calmira's home directory and run cmrun.exe instead of calmira.exe. It does nothing except start Calmira, but for some reason, might have a beneficial effect. Worth a try! The only problem noticed is that right clicks on the desktop no longer work.
Activating the screen saver
You can start your screen saver immediately with a single click by
including it in the applet tray.
Programs=EXE COM BAT PIF SCR
Then add the screen saver to the applet tray, using the /S
parameter to make it animate instead of
[Applet tray] Starfield=c:\windows\ssstars.scr /s
You will have to restart Windows to put this into effect.
Changing the system font
You can change the font used for window captions and ordinary menu items: in the [Windows] section of WIN.INI, add SystemFont=FontName, where FontName is the filename of a raster font, with an extension of FON.
Opening Control Panel applets without showing Control Panel
You can show a Control Panel applet without wasting time to load the main window. All you need to do is insert the module of the applet between the control.exe command and the applet's caption. For example:
%windir%\control.exe main.cpl FontsYou can modify your Start Menu by copying the snippet below and pasting it into your START.INI to replace the control panel menu definition. Do this while Calmira isn't running, and also delete bmpcache.bmp and imgindex.dat to force the icons to be reloaded.
[Start\Settings\*2Control Panel] Control Panel=%windir%\control.exe;;0;;0 Color=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Color;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;0 Desktop=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Desktop;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;2 Date and Time=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Date/Time;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;8 Drivers=%windir%\control.exe drivers.cpl Drivers;;0;c:\windows\system\drivers.cpl;0 Fonts=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Fonts;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;3 International=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl International;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;1 Keyboard=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Keyboard;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;6 MIDI Mapper=%windir%\control.exe midimap.drv MIDI Mapper;;0;c:\windows\system\midimap.drv;0 Mouse=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Mouse;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;7 Ports=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Ports;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;5 Printers=%windir%\control.exe main.cpl Printers;;0;c:\windows\system\main.cpl;4 Sound=%windir%\control.exe snd.cpl Sound;;0;c:\windows\system\snd.cpl;0 386 Enhanced=%windir%\control.exe cpwin386.cpl Enhanced;;0;c:\windows\system\cpwin386.cpl;0